Works Cited


                                                                                                                               Primary Sources 

Dohanian Collection of Photographs. 1913-1970. Family members provided a lot of photographs that I could scan. I used thirteen of them in my documentary.

Dohanian, Senekerim M., and C. F. Muesebeck. "A Study in Hyperparasitism, with Particular Reference to the Parasites of Apanteles Melanoscelus." US Dept. of Agriculture Technical Bulletin (1927). This paper explained how hyperparasites work and the major hyperparasites of the A. melanoscelus. It also had two images that I used.

Dohanian, Senekerim M. "Control of the Filbert Worm and Filbert Weevil by Orchard Sanitation." Journal of Economic Entomology (1944). This article provided information on Dohanian's work on filbert worms and demonstrated the importance of cleaning the orchard floor.

Dohanian, Senekerim M. "Mosquito Control in a Southern Army Camp." Journal of Economic Entomology (1920). This paper contained a detailed description of Dohanian's work in Kelly Field and two photographs of the camp.
 
Dohanian, Senekerim M. 154 letters to Luke Dohanian. 1924-1948. These letters gave me a specific timeline of Dohanian's travels. They also gave information about what he was working on.
 
Dohanian, Senekerim M. Postcards to Luke Dohanian. 1935-1948. These postcards gave me a very good idea of what Dohanian was doing at the time. I used four of the pictures on them for visuals in my documentary.
 
Dohanian, Senekerim M. "Resume." 1968. Dohanian's resume gave information on every project he worked on and when he worked on them, so it was an accurate timeline of his career. It also gave the name of the head of that project, and I researched any publications those people wrote in order to get a better idea of what was done in the project.

Dohanian, Senekerim M. "The European Corn Borer on Long Island." Psyche: A Journal of Entomology (1927). This paper described the problem of the European corn borer on Long Island and discussed the parasites used to combat it, including the fly, Lydella stabulans. It also had a map of Long Island that showed the population density of corn borers on the island.

Dohanian, Senekerim. "The Importation of Coccinellid Enemies of Diaspine Scales into Puerto Rico." The Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 21.2 (1937): 243-47. This article described part of what Dohanian did in Puerto Rico. Coccinellids (lady beetles) were parasites of Diaspine scales, which affected coconut, palm, and banana trees.

Dohanian, Senekerim. "The Introduction of Parasites of the Sugarcane Borer into Puerto Rico." The Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 21.2 (1937): 237-41. This article described a portion of Dohanian's work in Puerto Rico, mainly what and where he gathered insects and what they were.

Dohanian, Senekerim. "The Life History of the Thrips Parasite, Dascyscapus Parvipennis Gahan, and the Technique for Breeding It." Journal of Economic Entomology 30.1 (1937): 78-80. This article pinpointed Dohanian's work on a parasite that is currently one of the most effective of its kind in Puerto Rico.

Dohanian, Senekerim. "The Search in the American Tropics for Beneficial Insects for Introduction into Puerto Rico." Agricultural Notes: Puerto Rico Experiment Station of the USDA 76.6 (1937): 1-7. This article described a portion of Dohanian's work in Puerto Rico, mainly what and where he gathered insects and what they were. It also provided a chart of the 21,000 insects he imported.

Flint, Mary L. "Mary Louise Flint Interview." Telephone interview. 18 Feb. 2009. An expert on biological control of insects, Mary gave me a lot of information about hyperparasitism and biological control.

Leonard, Mortimer D. "Obituary of Senekerim M. Dohanian." Washington Academy of Sciences (1974). This obituary gave me a general timeline of Dohanian's career. It also described some of his background.

Lyons, Louis. "Uncle Sam's Ace Insect Hunter Off For three Years in Tropics." The Boston Sunday Globe 30 June 1935: 44-44. This newspaper article had several good quotes, pictures, and I used the title from it as the title of my documentary.

Walton, Vaughn. "Vaughn Walton Interview." Telephone interview. 10 Feb. 2009. Vaughn was one of the current researchers who cited Dohanian's work in his papers. He provided information about how filbert worms infest crops and the significance of Dohanian's work.

Webber, Nancy. "Nancy Webber Interview." Personal interview. 19 Feb. 2009. Nancy told me a lot about biological control, and, since I filmed her, I got some video clips as well.


Secondary Sources

Armen, Garbis. Historical Atlas of Armenia. New York: Armenian National Education Committee, 1987. I got information on the history of the Armenian massacres from 1894-96 from this book.
 
Burgess, A. F., and Crossman, S.S. "Imported Insect Enemies of the Gypsy Moth and the Brown-Tail Moth." Technical Bulletin 86 , US Dept. of Agriculture (1929): 1-148. Scientific Commons. University of Michigan Library Repository, Ann Arbor. 1 Mar. 2009 <http://name.umdl.umich.edu/17038117.0086.001>. This article had a great photograph of Dohanian's lab in Spain. It also had several illustrations of insects, as well as information on the gypsy moth project itself.

Callander, Bruce D. "The Return of Kelly Field." AIR FORCE Magazine July 2001: 46-50. This magazine gave me several photos of the original Kelly Field, and told the history of the camp. It also gave information on the Field's current status.

Caplow, Theodore; Hicks, Louis; and Wattenberg, Ben J. The First Measured Century: An Illustrated Guide to Trends in America, 1900-2000 (Washington, D.C.: AEI Press, 2001), p. 52, 53. This book told how many people had college degrees in the early 1900s.

Cruz, Carlos, and Alejandro Segarra. "Potential for Biological Control of Crop Pests in the Caribbean." Radcliffe's IPM World Textbook. University of Minnesota. <http://ipmworld.umn.edu/chapters/cruzengl.htm>. This article had a table that showed how productive certain parasites were in Puerto Rico. Some of these parasites were ones that Dohanian had found in the Caribbean and South America and imported to Puerto Rico.                

Cruz, Jesus. "Madrid." 2005 World Book. This article had an illustrated map of Spain which I used in my documentary.
 
"Dance No. 7." Noches De Espana. By Pepe Romero. Philips Classics Productions, 1994.

DeBach, Paul. Biological control by natural enemies. 2nd ed. Cambridge, [England]: Cambridge UP, 1991. This book had a large section on gypsy moths. It mentions Dohanian in it and explains the problems gypsy moths cause.
 
"DEQ - Mosquito Control Projects." SOM - State of Michigan. 26 Mar. 2009 <http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3313_46123_24554---,00.html>. This website had an excellent photograph of a mosquito.
 
European Corn borer adult male on corn leaves. Dennis Calvin Collection, Penn State University. Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences. Penn State. 15 Mar. 2009 <www.ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/european_corn_borer.htm>. I used this image in my documentary.
 
European Corn borer larva tunneling into corn stalk. Iowa State University. Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences. Penn State. 15 Mar. 2009 <www.ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/european_corn_borer.htm>. I used this image in my documentary.
 
Fanfare for a Common Man. By Aaron Copeland. By US Air Force Band of Liberty. MP3.
 
Folk Song 2-Oud. By Zadik Kalaydjian. MP3.

Frank, Howard. "The Introduction of Insects Into Florida." Insect Behavioral Ecology 76 (1993): 1-53. This article had a table that showed how productive certain parasites were in Florida. Some of these parasites were ones that Dohanian imported and worked on. This showed how effective his work was three-quarters of a century later.

Google Maps. Computer software. Google. <www.google.com>. Using this program I found a current picture of Dohanian's Massachusetts house.
 
Hazelnut Forms, Hazelnuts In Shell, Hazelnuts In Tote, Hazelnuts Sweeper Picking Up Nuts. Hazelnut Marketing Board, Aurora, Oregon. These images provided a view of the filbert industry.

Impromptus, D. 899 (Op. 90): Impromptu No. 4 in A-Flat Major. Allegretto.  By Seymour Lipkin. Schubert: Complete Sonatas and Other Major Works for Piano - Over 400 Minutes of Great Music MP3.

Jamaican Farewell. By Jamaican Steel Band. Steel Drums of the Caribbean, Vol. 2 - Calypso Classics MP3.

Kelly Field Aerial View, Kelly Field Exam, Kelly Field Runway. The Return of Kelly Field. US Air Force Magazine, 2001. These photos showed what conditions and life were like at Kelly Field in its early days.

Lead Spraying. http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/morgantown/4557/otis/index_d.html This was a great photograph of workers spraying infested trees with lead.

Melrose Highlands Gypsy Moth Laboratory. http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/morgantown/4557/otis/index_d.html/  I used this photograph because it showed the lab where Dohanian worked from 1915 to 1924.

Milne, Lorus, and Margery Milne. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Insects and Spiders. New York: Knopf, 1980. This book had a great photograph of a gypsy moth. It also had a description of the insect.
 
Morgenthau, Henry. "A relic of the Armenian massacres at Erzingan" 1918.  Wikipedia. 3 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Morgen53.jpg>. 

Morgenthau, Henry. Ambassador Morgenthau's Story. Wikipedia. 3 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Morgenthau336.jpg>.

"Pest-Destroyer." Time 29 Oct. 1951. 15 Mar. 2009 <www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,821829tml?lid=chix-sphere.,00>. This article explained the effects, years later, of Dohanian's work on the European corn borer. It also said what the crop losses were before and after biological controls. I used the image as well as a quote from this article.
 
Pittaway, A. R. "Sphingidae of the Western Palaearctic - Ecology." Tripod | Error. 10 Apr. 2009 <http://tpittaway.tripod.com/sphinx/ecol.htm>. This website had a close-up photograph of a lydella stabulans fly.
 
Rice, Marlin. European corn borer on ear of corn. Iowa State University. Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences. Penn State. 15 Mar. 2009 <www.ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/european_corn_borer.htm>. I used this image of a European corn borer in my documentary.
 
Savonen, Carol. "Filberts or hazelnuts? Oregon is number one in U.S." Oregon State University Extension Service. 18 Mar. 2009 <http://extension.oregonstate.edu/news/story.php?S_No=611&storyType>. This website said what the annual revenue for US filbert production is.

Senekerim M. Dohanian's Draft Registration. Digital image. Ancestry.com 14 Dec. 2008 <http://imageservice.ancestry.com/iexec/image.x> I used this image of Dohanian's draft registration card in my documentary.
 
A soggy day at Kelly Field. Digital image. Rootsweb. Ancestry.com. This image showed just how wet Kelly Field was.

"Turkey (2001)." 2005 World Book. This article had a map of Turkey that showed where Dohanian lived.
 
Vaughn Walton. Oregon. This photo Vaughn Walton sent me of himself was a good picture to go with his audio interview clip in my documentary.
 
Walton, Vaughn. Identification of Invasive and Reemerging Pests on Hazelnuts. Corvallis: Oregon State University Extension Service, 2007. This paper explained about filbert pests and their impact on the US filbert industry.
 
Walton, Vaughn. Pests and Beneficials on Hazelnut You should know. Corvallis: Oregon State University Extension Service. I used two images from this document.

Woodruff, R. E., and R. I. Sailer. "Establishment of the Genus Azya in the United States." Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Service (1977): 1-2. This article said that Dohanian donated fifteen specimens to the Florida State Collection of Arthropods.
 
Yosemite Autumn. By US Air Force Heritage of America Band. MP3.

Zaman, Faruque-Uz. European Corn borer adult female. Penn State University. Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences. Penn State. 15 Mar. 2009 <www.ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/european_corn_borer.htm>. I used this image in my documentary.